New York's natural resources include minerals and elements such as lead, talc and zinc as well as petroleum, salt, fertile soils and rich clay deposits. New York has a diverse topography and numerous climate regions, which explains its large variety of natural resources.
The northern part of New York contains vast mineral and petroleum deposits and reserves, while the lower and central parts have nutrient-rich fertile soils. The Adirondack Mountains and the St. Lawrence Lowland are two natural areas in New York that are teeming with natural resources. The Adirondacks, which stretch across the State from north to south, contain peaks and valleys rife with lead, talc and zinc, while the St. Lawrence Lowland has industrial garnets, sand, salt and granite.