There are six different countries that share a border with India: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal and Pakistan. Each of these countries shares a different amount of border with India. Bangladesh shares 4,142 kilometers, while Bhutan shares 659 kilometers. Burma shares 1,468 kilometers of border with India, while China shares 2,659 kilometers of border. Nepal shares a border of 1,770 kilometers, and Pakistan shares 3,190 kilometers of border.
India has had border disputes in the past with Pakistan and China. The disputes with Pakistan usually revolve around which nation has claim over a region called Kashmir. India is a peninsula, so it is surrounded entirely by water on its other sides. The Himalayan mountains run along its northern border.
India became an independent nation in 1947. This nation is the second biggest country in the world, with a population of 1,342,512,706. It is currently shifting to a more open market economy. There are many different economic strands within India, including traditional farming, modern agriculture, handicrafts, modern industries and many services. India ranks fourth in the world in terms of gross domestic product. However, the nation still faces problems with an overly complex bureaucracy, illiteracy and a high birth rate.