Colombia has major deposits of a number of metals and minerals, such as gold, silver, nickel, iron ore, platinum and emeralds. The country also has large oil, natural gas and coal deposits.Continue Reading
Colombia is a longtime producer and exporter of oil and gas, and it is one of the most significant producers to not join OPEC. Oil production is largely controlled by the state-owned company Ecopetrol, but foreign companies have rights to some fields. Natural gas is produced for domestic use only.
Colombia also has the largest coal reserves of the Latin American countries. Most of the supply is high-quality bituminous coal. One of the largest open-pit coal mines in the world is located in Cerrejon.
Colombia is the world's largest individual producer of emeralds. Mining had previously only been done by the government, but as of 2014 has shifted to the hands of private companies.
Mining of nickel is conducted by the state-owned company Cerro Matoso, but other types of precious metals and iron are mined by private interests, and the use of mercury in their extraction methods has caused significant pollution problems.
The majority of the country's power generation is hydroelectric. Potential for further generation exists, but is problematic as the best locations have already been dammed.Learn more about South America
The major geographical features of Colombia include the Magdalena River, Cauca River, Amazon River, Orinoco River, Santa Marta Mountains and the Andean mountain range, which is divided into three regions, namely the Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Central. The capital city of Bogota sits on an elevated plateau in the northern area of the Andes Peaks.Full Answer >
A wide variety of animals live in Colombia. In fact, it is home to the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide. The largest species groups in Colombia are the variety of mammals, amphibians and birds.Full Answer >
Bogotá is the capital of Colombia. Located in the center of the country in the Andes mountains, the city is more than 8,000 feet above sea level. Bogotá has a population of nearly 8 million, as of 2014.Full Answer >
Major landforms in Colombia include the Andes Mountains, the Cordilleras, Atlantic lowlands, Santa Marta Mountains and the Amazon rainforest. Colombia lies in the northwestern part of South America. It contains diverse interior geographical features, and enjoys miles of coastline formed by the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean.Full Answer >