Among the natural resources of Bangladesh are its arable land, timber, coal and natural gas. The most profitable of these resources is the fertile alluvial soil in the delta region largely molded by the country's physical geography. Bangladesh also receives heavy rainfall throughout the year. Its abundant water supply is used to generate hydroelectric power and irrigate the farmlands during the dry season.
Bangladesh lies within the Ganges Delta. It has mostly low flat-lying lands. When the rivers overflow during the Monsoon season, they deposit rich and nutrient-packed alluvial soil in the flat lands, which builds one of the most fertile soils on Earth. The long growing season and heavy rainfall boost the fertile lands, making Bangladesh one of the largest producers of rice and jute.
The large deposits of natural gas in Bangladesh were established in the 1990s through the exploration of a public energy company. The natural gas is extracted in Dhaka and Chittagong and is primarily exploited for industrial use. The discovery of natural gas in the country led to the growth of a shipbuilding industry. It also supported the garment industry, which makes up more than 75 percent of the country's export earnings. As of 2014, Bangladesh is second only to China for exports.