What Are the Natural Resources of Antarctica?

Some of the natural resources of Antarctica include its mineral deposits of iron ore, chromium, gold, copper, nickel, and platinum, marine wildlife and small reserves of coal and hydrocarbons. The majority of human activities in Antarctica are not for commercial or economic purposes, but are rather centered on scientific research and pursuits.

Antarctica is a vast wilderness around the South Pole that is predominantly covered in ice. Most of the resources found in the region are protected by laws and regulations, such as the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol on Environment Protection, which imposed a ban on mining. The continent’s seas were once abundant with seals and whales but the population of these animals has since declined due to heavy sealing and whaling practices. The Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals limits hunting activities.