Lapageria rosea, commonly known as the Chilean bellflower or copihue, was declared the national flower of Chile in 1977. Lapageria is the genus of flowering plants of which L. rosea is the only species.
The Chilean bellflower grows in forests in the temperate rainforests of southern Chile. The flower is red with white spots and is bell-shaped. Each flower has six thick, waxy tepals, and the flowers grow on evergreen climbing plants reaching over 32 feet high.
When grown in the Southern Hemisphere, the vines twist counterclockwise; when grown in the Northern Hemisphere, the vines twist clockwise. They blossom from December until March.
The Chilean bellflower was introduced to Europe in 1845 by William Lobb following a plant collecting expedition to the Valdivian temperate rainforests.