Naples is known as the home of dazzling ancient artifacts, the birthplace of pizza and the location of a number of famous buildings. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, the history of Naples dates back to 600 B.C., when it was founded as "Neapolis," or "New City." Today, Naples is a treasure trove of culture for travelers in southern Italy.
Naples's most famous museum is the National Archaeological Museum of Naples, which has one of the most extensive collections of ancient Greek and Roman art in the world, according to About.com. The museum has rare Greek bronze statues, mosaics from nearby Pompeii and specimens of ancient glass, jewelry and sculptures. People also hail the food of the city. Pizza is native to Naples, and authentic local pies are created using a specific recipe that includes specifications for dough thickness, ingredients and cooking time to guarantee an ideal gustatory experience. Naples is also famous for its churches and opera houses. The city's 13th-century Duomo is a focal point of the city's religious life, hosting a vial of the blood of Saint Januarius that miraculously liquefies every spring and fall. The Teatro San Carlo has perfect acoustics, making it the best place to hear opera in southern Italy.