Chileans live in Chile, which is located in southwestern South America. Chile's closest neighbors are Argentina, Peru and Bolivia, and Santiago is the capital and largest city. By the end of July 2014, Chile had a population of 17,363,894 people with a population growth rate of 0.84 percent.
One tourist attraction in Chile is the Andes mountain range, which is the longest continental mountain range in the world and has over fifty active volcanic peaks. Tourists can also expect to catch a glimpse of various animals, including the puma, Andean condor, Andean fox, pudu and guanaco.
One of the main economic activities in Chile is copper mining, which constitutes about 20 percent of the country's total GDP. Chile's ore production makes up 5 percent of the copper supply worldwide. Tourism and agriculture are also major economic activities in the nation.
Chile maintains its infrastructure well and has quality roads, railway lines, airports and pipelines. It has been politically stable since 1980, leading to significant economic growth since then.
Chile was colonized by Spain but later declared its independence in 1810 after various insurrections that pitted the locals against their colonizers. The first freely elected president of Chile was Patricio Aylwin in 1990.