Alaska is approximately twice as large as the state of Texas. Alaska is the largest state in the United States with a land area that measures 570,641 square miles, while Texas is the second largest state, measuring 261,232 square miles. Alaska's land mass covers a large territory that equals one-fifth of the entire continental U.S.Continue Reading
Alaska's northern and western borders feature an undulating shape, and chains of islands form the southwestern and southeastern corners. From its northernmost point to southern tip, Alaska spans a distance of about 1,420 miles. From west to east, that distance covers approximately 2,500 miles. In addition to outsizing Texas, Alaska contains more water and a longer coastline. Alaska's water supplies derive from lakes, streams and rivers. It contains more than 3 million large lakes, covering areas of 20 acres or more. Its longest coast covers more than 6,000 miles, while the coastline of Texas spans approximately 367 miles.
The northernmost point in the United States, called Point Barrow, and the westernmost point, called Cape Wrangell, are located in Alaska as well. The tallest mountain in North America, Mount McKinley, also lies in Alaska's borders. At 20,230 feet, Mount McKinley towers above Guadalupe Peak, the highest point in Texas, which stands 8,749 feet above sea level at its summit. However, despite covering more land than Texas, Texas beats Alaska with a population density more than 80 times greater.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
The United States purchased Alaska from Russia on March 30, 1867. The land was sold for $7.2 million. When adjusted for inflation, as of 2014, this is equivalent to around $121 million, or approximately 2 cents per acre.Full Answer >
Alaska does get dark. Starting on the winter solstice on December 21, the shortest day of the year, the city of Barrow has complete darkness for a total of 67 days. Juneau, Anchorage and Fairbanks get between about four and six hours of daylight on the winter solstice.Full Answer >
Alaska is famous for its scenic parks, a gold rush and rugged mountains, such as Mt. McKinley and Mt. Katmai. Mt. McKinley is the highest peak in North America with its summit elevation of 20,320 feet. Mt. Katmai, a large stratovolcano, is known for its volcanic eruption in 1912, which was the largest volcanic eruption in the 20th century.Full Answer >
As of October 1986, it is not possible to homestead in Alaska on federal land, notes BLM.gov. For 88 years prior to that time, homesteads were available to residents. The process involved steps such as filling out a claim at a Lands Office, meeting certain government criteria and receiving a document called a land patent from the United States government.Full Answer >