In terms of geography, the term "movement" pertains to the interconnections among various places on Earth. Movement is one of the components of the five themes of geography, developed by the Association of American Geographers and the National Council for Geographic Education in 1984.
Aside from movement, the four other themes of geography include location, region, interaction and place. These five concepts provide a standardized organizational framework for the study of geography.
Movement is characterized by cultural hearths and cultural diffusion. The former refer to cradles of civilizations where major cultures emerged and became the sites for a cultural explosion of ideas, innovations, beliefs and traditions. These ideologies, innovations and even resources are then spread across other regions via expansion diffusion or through migrations. Movement explains how different areas on Earth share commonalities.