Mount Kosciuszko in Australia was formed between 355 to 490 million years ago during the Ordovician or Lower Devonian periods. Granite rocks were uplifted, folded and eroded over long periods of time. Mt. Kosciuszko rises 7,310 feet high and is part of the Australian Alps in Southeastern New South Wales. It's Australia's highest mainland peak. Unlike the Andes or Himalayas, Mt. Kosciuszko is eroding rather than uplifting.Continue Reading
Extensive glaciers formed around the mountain from 10,000 to 70,000 years ago. Large boulders on Mt. Kosciuszko continue to be worn down by water and ice. Glaciers formed Lake Cootapatamba on the southern side of the peak.
Snowmelt from the mountain feeds rivers and reservoirs responsible for the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Scheme. Surrounding peaks include Mts. Townsend, Twynam, North Ramshead and Carruthers. All these peaks are more than 7,000 feet tall. The region is known for winter sports such as skiing.
Mt. Kosciuszko is part of a national park bearing its name. The area was named a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1977 due to its unusual alpine flora and fauna. The mountain was first climbed by Polish explorer Paul Strzelecki in 1840, after which he named the peak for Polish patriot Tadeusz Ko?ciuszko.Learn more about Australia
The archipelago of Vanuatu is 1,087 miles east of Australia in the South Pacific; it's 2.5 hours from Brisbane, 3.5 hours from Sydney, less than an hour from Fiji and close to 2 hours from Auckland, New Zealand by plane. The nation consists of 83 islands; Espiritu Santo, Malekula, Erromango and Efate are the largest.Full Answer >
Animals that live in Australia include kangaroos, dingos, wombats and the inland taipan, the world's most venomous snake. Along with New Guinea, the country is also home to the world's only monotremes (mammals that lay eggs), these being the platypus and four species of echidna.Full Answer >
Australia is about 2,485 miles wide. It is also about 2,398 miles long from north to south.Full Answer >
Sydney, Australia, is located in the state of New South Wales, which is on the country's southeast coast along the Tasman Sea. It is located to the east of the Blue Mountains, to the south of the Hawkesbury River and to the north of Royal National Park.Full Answer >