Argentina gets its name from the Latin name for silver: argentum, although the official name is República Argentina. Originally a Spanish colony, the country received its independence in 1816 and is considered a constitutional republic with an elected president. The country has experienced several periods of civil unrest and war.
Argentina is located in South America and is bordered by Uruguay and Chile. The capital is Buenos Aires, and the country consists of 23 provinces and a federal district. The official language is Spanish.Learn more about South America