Mongolia is located in northern Asia, between Russia and China. Mongolia is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Mongolia comprises a total area of about 604,000 square miles, making it a little smaller than the state of Alaska.
The capital and largest city of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar, and roughly half the country's population resides there. Mongolia has a population of approximately three million people as of 2014. The median age in Mongolia is about 27 years old. More than 50 percent of the population follows Buddhism. Mongolia has a population growth rate of about 1.37 percent as of 2014.