The tiny country of Monaco is located in western Europe on France's southeastern coast, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The absolute location is 43 degrees 44 minutes north latitude and 7 degrees 25 minutes east longitude.
Monaco covers less than 1 square mile in land measurement, with a coastline of 2.49 miles. It ranks second of the world's smallest independent states. The terrain of this primarily urban country is hilly and rocky. Due to its location on the Mediterranean, its climate is warm and humid, but the sea breeze keeps temperatures comfortable. Freezing temperatures are rare. Monaco ranks as one of the world's most densely populated countries. Much of its population is French, and French is the official language.