The area known as Canaan in ancient times covered parts of modern-day Israel, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Ancient Canaan also occupied parts of the coastal regions and areas of Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. In the Bible, Canaan was known as the Promised Land.
Canaan is believed to have been inhabited as far back as the Paleolithic period. The first written mention of an area named as Canaan appeared in cuneiform, in Egyptian and Phoenician records around the 15th century B.C. The area is historically believed to have been contested by the Assyrians, Egyptians and other neighboring kingdoms. It was eventually conquered by Babylon in the sixth century B. C.