The 14 modern-day British overseas territories include British Indian Ocean Territory, Gibraltar, Bermuda, Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Other territories include British Antarctic Territory, St Helena and its dependencies Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Montserrat, Virgin Islands, and Cayman Islands, as well as Turks and Caicos Islands, Anguilla, Pitcairn Islands and Sovereign Base Areas on Cyprus. The territories retain links to the United Kingdom because of inhabitants' wishes or their financial, military or strategic dependency.
Bermuda became a territory in 1609. As of 2015, the island off the eastern coast of North America is the most populous British territory and has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
The United Kingdom has five Caribbean territories: Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, and Turks and Caicos Islands. The South Atlantic holds two populated territories: St Helena and its dependencies and the Falkland Islands.
Gibraltar is the only overseas territory in the European Union, and the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus is another territory in Europe.
Some territories, such as British Indian Ocean Territory, British Antarctic Territory and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, have no permanent population, and they are some of the world's best-preserved environments as well as some of the world’s largest Marine Protected Areas.