The Republic of Mauritius is an island nation located in the Indian ocean approximately 2,000 miles off the southeast coast of Africa. It is a volcanic island and features lagoons and white sand beaches. Mauritius became a republic in 1992.
As of 2012, the population of Mauritius was 1.3 million. The population is 68 percent Indian with the remainder being Creole, Chinese, French, English and South African. The country's official language is English. Mauritius is a popular tourist destination, with two UNESCO World Heritage sites, one of the oldest horseracing tracks in the world, botanical gardens and a park where one can walk with lion cubs. As of 2013, living on Mauritius was also inexpensive, with a one-bedroom renting from just $320 a month.