A map maker is formally called a cartographer. A cartographer is trained in cartography, which incorporates elements of both science and art.Continue Reading
Cartography involves both learning to illustrate maps and learning about the science behind maps. Some maps are much simpler to illustrate and understand than others. These maps, classified as general cartography, are simple maps created for the masses. The other type of cartography is thematic cartography, meant for niche audiences.
Maps can depict geographical features on top of simple land mass shapes. One example of this is including contour lines to illustrate elevation changes. Finally, maps can be drawn to scale, which is especially important when used for navigation purposes.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
A flat map is a projection of Earth's surface onto a two-dimensional plane, according to NationalAtlas.gov. Because Earth's surface curves, any projection onto a flat map creates distortions. A globe is the most accurate depiction of Earth, but impractical for most uses, whereas a flat rendering is useful but not as accurate. A flat map can be printed on paper or digitally rendered on a computer screen.Full Answer >
Maps of the seven continents are available online on sites like WhatAreThe7continents.com and Maps of World. North and South America are in the Western Hemisphere, whereas Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia are in the Eastern Hemisphere. Antarctica is in the Southern Hemisphere.Full Answer >
The main objective of a physical map is to show landforms, bodies of water and other geographical features. Features shown include mountains, deserts and lowlands as well as lakes, rivers and oceans.Full Answer >
The purpose of maps lies chiefly in navigation and in helping cultures determine new trade routes. Throughout history, governments have put a priority on creating detailed, accurate maps. Today, the term "map" also refers to visual representations of various ideas and concepts.Full Answer >