A 2012 end-of-year census estimated the population of Madagascar at just more than 22 million. This makes the country the 54th most populated country in the world. The largest city is its capital, Antananarivo, with more than 1.8 million residents.
The nation rests in the Indian Ocean nearest the coastal country of Mozambique, off the southeast coast of Africa. The country covers an area of more than 581,000 square kilometers for a population density of 38 people per square kilometer. The population has increased steadily each year since the 1960 census, when the island country had just more than 5 million residents.