How Many Languages Are Spoken in the Caribbean?

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There are six official languages spoken across Caribbean countries, including French, Spanish, English, Dutch, Haitian Creole and Papiamento, and many additional Creole languages, dialects and smaller indigenous languages spoken. Languages such as Haitian Creole, Papiamento and Jamaican patois are dialects that typically blend elements of different European languages.

There are still a variety of indigenous Caribbean languages spoken on the islands, including Arawak languages. Though there is a large number of these indigenous languages, very few people speak them, and scholars have labeled many of these languages as "endangered" as a result. Other languages, including Asian languages such as Chinese, may be spoken by expatriate residents of Caribbean nations.