The southern tip of Greenland is located at approximately 59 degrees North latitude, so 59 degrees separate the equator, which is 0 degrees latitude, from Greenland's southernmost point. Latitude lines are imaginary lines running north and south of the equator marking the angular distance of any point from the equator.
Each degree of latitude represents approximately 69 additional miles from the equator, but this distance increases a bit as the distance from the equator increases. Each of the Earth's poles is located at 90 degrees North or South latitude. Much of Greenland lies within the Arctic Circle, and Greenland's northernmost point is located at about 85 degrees latitude.