There are 48 countries within Europe when qualifying the United Kingdom as a single entity. If the countries that comprise the United Kingdom are counted separately, there are 51 countries in Europe.
Some countries within Europe straddle two different continents. Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Georgia, have land both in Europe and in Asia. On the other side, Iceland lies between North America and Europe.
Europe encompasses a little more than 3.8 million square miles and accounts for about 6 percent of Earth's total land mass. The most populated country in Europe is Germany, and the least populated is Belarus. The total population of Europe is just over 738 million. In terms of land, the largest country in Europe is Ukraine, while the smallest country in land mass is the United Kingdom, which includes Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Spanish, French and Italian are the most commonly spoken languages throughout Europe.