According to the 2013 United States Census Bureau population estimate, there are 105 cities in the state of Missouri. Cities in Missouri are classified as either Class 3, Class 4 or as under constitutional charter, as determined by the population at the time of incorporation. Cities may incorporate as Class 3 with a population between 3,000 and 29,999 and as Class 4 with a population between 500 and 2,999.
The largest cities in Missouri, as of the United States Census Bureau population estimate for 2014, are Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, Lee’s Summit, O’Fallon and St. Joseph. Kansas City, with a population of 470,800, is the 37th largest city by population in the United States and spans the Kansas-Missouri border as part of the Kansas City metropolitan area. Kansas City was founded as a Missouri River port at its point of confluence with the Kansas River. The capital city of Missouri is Jefferson City, with a population of 43,132.
Acquired from France as a part of the Louisiana Purchase, the land that is now the state of Missouri was originally known as the Missouri Territory. On August 10, 1821, part of the territory became the 24th state. The geography of Missouri is varied among dissected till plains in the north and the Ozark Mountains in the south, divided by the Missouri River.