Turkey has three major landforms: coastal plain, mountain ranges and a high plateau. Much of Turkey consists of mountain ranges and the high plateau; the coastal plain region is narrow. Mount Ararat, Turkey's highest point at 16,949 feet, is located near the border with Armenia.
Turkey has a land area of 302,535 square miles with 4,474 miles of coastline. The high plateau landform is found in the central portion of the country. The climate in the interior is harsher than near the coast. The coastal plain experiences wet, mild winters and summers that are dry and hot. There are three volcanoes in Turkey: Ararat, Nemrut Dagi, and Tendurek Dagi, which, as of May 2014, are dormant. The northern region of Turkey can experience severe earthquakes.