Q:

What are the major landforms of Spain?

A:

Quick Answer

Major landforms in Spain include the Meseta Plateau, which covers 45 percent of the country, the Andalusian Plain in the southeast, the Pyrenees Mountains that define the border between Spain and France, and the Ebro River Basin in the northeast. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula.

Continue Reading
What are the major landforms of Spain?
Credit: JMN / Contributor Cover Getty Images

Full Answer

Important mountain ranges found in Spain include the northern peaks of the Cordillera Cantabrica and the Sistema Iberico, the Montes de Toledo and Serrania de Cuenca in the center and south of the country, and the Sierra de Cuenca to the east. The major mountain ranges located in the south are the Cordillera Betica and the Sierra Nevada. The highest elevation in the mainland country is found in the Sierra Nevada, at the Mulhacén peak of 11,413 feet above sea level. The highest elevation in the entire country is found in the Canary Island, with the 12,198-foot-high active volcano Teide.

In addition to the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, islands that are part of Spain are situated in the Mediterranean Sea. Islands include Tenerife, Lanzarote, Ibiza, La Palma, Majorca and La Gomera. The Sistema Central around Madrid divides the country into northern and southern portions. The highest peak in that range is Pico Almanzor. The country has alluvial plains on its coast.

Learn more about Europe

Related Questions

  • Q:

    When did Spain become independent?

    A: Although there is no exact date for Spain's national independence day, the defeat of Granada in 1492 marked the rise of what is considered modern-day Spain... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Spain like?

    A: Spain, like many countries, is a diverse nation with landscapes that vary from coastal to mountainous and features a wide range of architecture that celebr... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is Spain?

    A: Spain is at 40 degrees latitude and 4 degrees longitude on the Iberian Peninsula. It is in southwest Europe and borders France, Portugal, Andorra and Gibra... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why is Spain famous?

    A: Spain is famous for its expansive history, Castilian architecture, unique cuisine, flamenco dance and bull fighting. The country has an ancient history wit... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore