What Are the Major Landforms in Jamaica?

Jamaica is the largest island in the Caribbean and is divided into three landform regions: the eastern mountains, the central valleys and plateaus, and the coastal plains. The most elevated area is the Blue Mountain, which reaches over 7,400 feet at Blue Mountain Peak.

To the north of the Blue Mountains lies the Jon Crow Mountains, a range of mountains that rises to heights of over 3,000 feet. Other notable Jamaican mountains include the northern Harbour Mountains and the southern Manchester Plateau.

The limestone plateau covers two-thirds of Jamaica and is mainly dominated by karst formations. The karst topography is formed from the dissolution of limestone. Some of its features include sinkholes, caverns, caves, small natural hills and residual red soils in the valley, which can all be found in Jamaica. To the west of the mountains lies the Cockpit Country. It is distinguished as rugged, inhospitable terrain with deep sink holes and numerous hills.

Jamaica also has numerous rivers, and a majority of them are not navigable and remain unexplored. The largest river is the Black River, and the longest river in Jamaica is Rio Minho. Other notable rivers include the Plantain Garden River, the Wag Water, the Milk River and the Cave River.