Q:

What are some major events in Russia's history?

A:

Quick Answer

Some major events in Russia's history include the settlement of Scandinavian Vikings in Kiev and Novgorod, the reign of the first czar in 1547, the expansion of the Russian Empire in the 17th and 18th centuries, and the Russian Revolution in 1917. In the 20th century, Russia transformed into a socialist state, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which fell in 1991.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

After the Vikings, later known as the Rus', established settlements in the early 800s, they raided Constantinople in 860. Records state that the earliest monarchy was the Rurik Dynasty of Novgorod that started in 862. The monarchy expanded into Kiev and underwent a war with the Byzantine Empire in 907, 941 and 1043. The Rus' converted to Christianity in 988.

For centuries, the descendants of the Rurik Dynasty and Rus' cities fought amongst themselves with some outside conflicts with Poland and Hungary. In 1237 to 1240, the Mongols invaded Russia and destroyed nearly all cities including Moscow. The resulting Golden Horde Empire served to divide the Rus' into the later countries of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia.

In 1547, Ivan the Terrible became the first czar of the Russia and began several decades of expansion. The Romanov family became the next ruling family, starting with Michael Romanov in 1613. Peter the Great further expanded the empire between 1689 and 1725, as did Catherine the Great between 1772 and 1814. Russia contributed to the defeat of Napoleon in 1815.

In 1917, the Russian or Bolshevik Revolution overthrew the tsardom, giving rise to the USSR, which lasted until 1991.

Learn more about Russia

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is Russia called now?

    A: Russia's official name is the Russian Federation. The country took this name after the breakdown of the Soviet Union in 1999. The Russian Federation is oft... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is Russia?

    A: Russia is in both Europe and Asia, spanning the continental divide marked by the Ural Mountains and covering about 17 million miles. Approximately three-qu... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How big is Russia?

    A: Russia is the largest country in the world. It encompasses 17,098,242 square kilometers, making it nearly twice the size of the United States. Thirteen cou... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the climate of Russia?

    A: Due to its size, Russia has a diverse climate that includes every vegetation zone with the exception of a tropical rain forest. Russia is known for cold, h... Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore