The first, second and third-largest cities in Puerto Rico are San Juan, Bayamon and Carolina, respectively. Other major cities in Puerto Rico are Ponce, Caguas and Guaynabo.
San Juan, founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, is the capital and largest city in Puerto Rico. As of 2010, it had a populaton of 395,326 and a land size of 47.9 square miles. The city is also the cultural and economic capital of the country. San Juan is home to many colleges and universities including the University of Puerto Rico Río Piedras Campus and the Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico. The city is also home to Puerto Rico's most important seaport.
Bayamon is located in northeastern Puerto Rico. As of 2010, it had a population of 208,116. Many of its inhabitants are descendants of the Taíno people, the indigenous people who made first contact with Europeans in Puerto Rico. The city has a strong tourist economy based on its many notable Puerto Rican landmarks, places of interest and festivals.
Carolina's 2010 poulation was 176,762. The city is home to one of the country's largest shopping malls, the Plaza Carolina. It also boasts many landmarks including and places of interest including Buena Vista Ruins, the Jesús T. Piñero Monument and Julia de Burgos Park.