The major bodies of water that surround Italy include the Tyrrhenian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea, which is the country's geographical lowest point. Italy is situated in the southern region of Europe, bordering Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, France, San Marino and forming an enclave with the Vatican City.
The coastal areas of Italy stretch for 4,722 miles, with 12 nautical miles of maritime domains. The country's terrain is predominantly mountainous with scattered grasslands and marshlands. Some of the major landforms in Italy are the Alps, Mont Blanc, Appennini Mountains, Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius. Other bodies of water in the peninsula include the Ligurian Sea, Tiber River, Po River and Lake Como.