As of 2014, 85.4 percent of Ghana’s more than 25 million people are part of four main tribes: Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe and Ga-Dangme. Another 13 percent is made up of the Gurma, Guan, Grusi and Madne Busanga tribes. Various other tribes constitute the remaining 1.6 percent of Ghana’s population.
The Akan tribe, which makes up 47.5 percent of Ghana’s population, is comprised of several ethnic groups, including the Ashanti, Fanti and Kwahu. A matrilineal society, the Akan were among the first Africans to have contact with Europeans during the European colonial expansion of the late 1800s and early 1900s. The Akan tribe lives in the central and southern regions of Ghana, and is known for its expertise in ceramics, wood carving, metallurgy and making fertility dolls.
The Mole-Dagbons, Ghana’s second largest tribal group, makes up 16.6 percent of the population, which is about one of every seven Ghanaians. Also known as the Mole-Dagbani, the tribe resides mainly in Ghana’s upper northern regions. They consist of five ethnic groups: Mossi, Dagomba, Gonja, Mamprusi and Nanumba. They are known for craftsmanship and basket weaving.
Ghana’s official languages are English, as well as the Ghanaian languages of Ewe, Ga, Nzema, Dagbani, Hausa and Akan.