New York's natural resources include more than 7,600 bodies of fresh water plus rich mineral deposits of iron, lead, talc and other minerals used for construction and industry. Sand and gravel account for 90 percent of more than 2,000 active mines, as of 2015.
New York borders Lake Erie and Lake Ontario, and the state also has more than 70,000 miles of rivers and streams. The state's freshwater resources provide drinking water, support agriculture and fishing, and provide aquatic habitats for plants and animals.
New York mining operations extract sand and gravel from mines throughout the state. Additional minerals mined in New York include garnet, gypsum and silver. New York mining operations also extract salt from rich salt deposits found in the central area of the state.