The longest river in South Africa is the Orange River, also known as the Gariep or Groote River. It runs an incredible 2,200 kilometers, and has a basin area of 973,000 square kilometers.Continue Reading
The Orange River is located in the veld region of South Africa. It connects the Indian Ocean on the east with the Atlantic Ocean on the west of the land. Part of the river forms the border between South Africa and Namibia.
The Orange River transverses such a great distance that it crosses into many regions. Depending on the region, it is often called a different name, like the Gariep River.Learn more about Africa
South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.Full Answer >
South Africa's highest mountain peak is Mafadi, which is situated on the border of the Kingdom of Lesotho, a landlocked nation completely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The elevation of Mafadi is 11,320 feet, or 11,319 feet according to some sources, and it is the second highest peak in the mountain range known as the Drakensberg. The highest peak within the entire Drakensberg range, at 11,424 feet, is Thabana Ntlenyana, which is situated within the borders of the Kingdom of Lesotho.Full Answer >
South Africa has three capital cities, Pretoria, Bloemfontein and Cape Town. Each of these cities holds one branch of the government.Full Answer >
The primary crops in South Africa include grains, sugar, fruits, potatoes, tomatoes, cotton, tobacco and tea. Ornamental plants are also common in the country, including gladioli, bulbs, roses, proteas and chrysanthemums.Full Answer >