What Is the Longest River in Europe?

longest-river-europe Credit: Achilli Family | Journeys/CC-BY 2.0

The Volga River is the longest river in Europe. The river is 2,290 miles long and is located entirely in Russia. It begins in the Valdai Hills near Rzhev and flows south to the Caspian Sea.

The Volga River is considered the national river of Russia. Eleven of Russia's large cities are located in the Volga Basin, including Moscow. The river drains most of the western region of Russia and is a major source of power and irrigation. Its waterways connects Moscow to seas such as the Baltic Sea and Black Sea. The river's delta has over 500 channels and smaller rivers, and it is considered the largest estuary in Europe.