The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.Continue Reading
By contrast, the Belize Reef is only 186 miles long, even though it is the second-longest reef in the world. The Great Barrier Reef has almost 2,000 different species of fish. The reef has seen at least four glacial and interglacial cycles.
Some of the thousands of species that are native to the reef are now critically endangered. One-fifth of the reef has already been devastated. The main causes for depletion of the Great Barrier Reef include pollution, global warming and overfishing.Learn more about Australia
The Great Barrier Reef formed from a long and slow process involving the accumulation of organic materials, such as stone, plants and animals and shells of dead corals. The Great Barrier Reef started forming approximately 20 million years ago. Dead shells from coral, along with remains from algae, anemones, fish, worms, crustaceans, snails, turtles and snakes accumulated and gave shape to the Great Barrier Reef as well.Full Answer >
Sydney, Australia, is located in the state of New South Wales, which is on the country's southeast coast along the Tasman Sea. It is located to the east of the Blue Mountains, to the south of the Hawkesbury River and to the north of Royal National Park.Full Answer >
Christmas Island is a small, volcanic island off the northwestern coast of Australia. This small Australian island is in the Indian Ocean.Full Answer >
Australia is famous for the Sydney Opera House, the Harbour Bridge, kangaroos, koalas, the Outback, the Great Barrier Reef, its convict colony history, Shiraz and Uluru. Australia is an island located in the Pacific and Indian oceans. The island is both a country and a continent.Full Answer >