India contains two deserts: the Thar Desert and the Cold Desert. The Great Rann of Kutch, a section of the Thar Desert, is sometimes listed separately as a third desert due to its unique, salty terrain.
The Thar desert is the largest desert in India and the country's least inhabited area. It is in the northwestern region of the country in the state of Rajashtan. It includes the cities of Pushkar, Jaipur and Udaipur as well as many popular tourist spots, including historical castles, temples and forts. Both traditional nomadic and modern cattle farmers inhabit the region. Pushkar hosts a camel festival every year during which camels and cattle are traded, pilgrims visit holy sites and many camel-related festivities take place.
The Cold Desert is located in northern India in the state of Himachel Pradesh. The desert is nestled in the Western Himalayas. It hosts a national park and a wildlife refuge designed to protect the plant and animal life in its unique biosphere.
The Great Rann of Kutch is a portion of the Thar Desert on India's west coast that is marked by large expanses of white salt. During the monsoon season, the Great Rann floods and becomes a temporary haven for breeding wildlife. The Great Rann is larger than any other salt desert in the world.