What Are Some Latin American Countries?

As of 2014 Latin American countries include Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Paraguay, El Salvador and Panama. Latin American countries are those countries in the New World where the official language is Spanish, Portuguese or French. However, many of the inhabitants speak Creole versions of these languages or Native American languages like Quechua.

Some countries that are part of Latin America but not sovereign states are French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon. The combined population of Latin American countries was a little under 600,000,000 as of 2014.

Brazil is the largest Latin American country and the fifth-largest country on Earth. It is 3,287,597 square miles in area and shares borders with every other country in South America save Chile and Ecuador. Because it was ruled by Portugal, its official language is Portuguese, which makes it different from other Latin American countries, most of whom have Spanish as the official language. More people speak Portuguese in Brazil than in Portugal.

With the exception of French Guiana, which is part of France, Guatemala is the smallest Latin American Country. It has an area of 108,889 square miles.