The largest European capital cities include Moscow, London, Athens and Berlin. Others include Madrid in Spain, Ankara in Turkey and Rome in Italy. The size of the cities is determined by the population within their administrative boundaries, excluding urban and metropolitan areas.
Moscow is the capital city of Russia and home to over 10 million residents and countless non-residents. London, the capital of the United Kingdom, is the second largest in Europe with a population of over 8 million. It is a leading global city that specializes in commerce, fashion, entertainment and tourism.
Athens is the capital and largest city in Greece. It dominates the European region as one of the oldest world cities and has a history that spans over 2,000 years. It is one of the largest economic centers in South Eastern Europe. Berlin and Madrid also top the list with a population of over 3 million. Berlin is the capital of Germany while Madrid is the capital of Spain.
Other leading capitals in Europe include Rome, which is Italy's largest and most populous city and Paris, located in Northern France. Bucharest in Romania, Vienna, which is the largest city in Austria and Warsaw in Poland also form part of the top capitals in Europe.