As of 2013, Memphis is the largest city in the state of Tennessee, with a reported population of 653,450. It is also the 20th largest city in the United States and the largest city on the Mississippi River.
Located in southwestern Tennessee, Memphis is situated on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River near the Chickasaw Bluff. Its location above the flood plain makes it an ideal settlement for humans. The city has an estimated 315.06 square miles of land area, which has greatly expanded since the mid-1900s. The growing population also affects the city's urban growth boundary set by the state of Tennessee.