As of 2015, some of the largest cities is South Carolina include Columbia, population 133,358, Charleston, population 127,999, North Charleston, population 104,054 and Mount Pleasant, with a population of 74,885. Columbia, the capital, dates back to 1805. It is home to several schools of higher learning, including Midlands Technical College, Allen University, Columbia College and the University of South Carolina.
Charleston, a one-time colonial seaport founded in 1670, is a tourist draw. Charleston is where the Civil War began, with the firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Much of the city's architecture survived the war and is part of what brings nearly 4.51 million people to visit each year.
Parts of North Charleston are located in Dorchester, Charleston and Berkeley counties. Beginning at the time of World War II, the Charleston Navy Shipyard, now closed, helped boost the population, and by 1972, this one-time suburb of Charleston became a city in its own right. It has a sizable residential area but is also home to the North Charleston Coliseum, the Charleston Area Convention Center and Riverfront Park.
Mount Pleasant, located northeast of Charleston, is made up of several one-time English villages founded on the northern banks of Charleston Harbor. Greenwich Village, founded in 1766, is the oldest, while Lucasville was established in 1853. Some of the original buildings remain and are now part of the Old Village Historic District. Cruise passengers sometimes use Mount Pleasant for pre- and post-cruise stays, since the Charleston Cruise Terminal is nearby.