People in Cameroon speak 280 different languages. The country's two national languages are English and French. English speakers live mainly in the southwest and northwest regions; in the rest of the country, French is dominant.
English and French came to the country through waves of colonization in the 19th and 20th centuries, but Cameroon also has a hugely diverse range of indigenous languages that include 24 major language groups. Some of these tongues are quite widespread. Bulu, for example, is used by around 800,000 speakers, and 2,000,000 people in Douala, Cameroon's largest city, use the Duala language either as a first or second language. Many of Cameroon's languages, however, have a tiny number of speakers. In 2003, for example, only 30 people still spoke Pam.