The official language of Italy is Italian, or Italiano. As of 2012, Italian had around 57.7 million speakers in Italy. The country is also home to 34 other languages.
Because of Italy's long history of human habitation and diverse geography, the country is home to a number of regional languages that themselves often subdivide into other languages. In the region of Valle d’Aoste, French has co-official status with Italian, while in Trentino-Alto Adige, German shares co-official status. Slovene is a statutory regional language in the cities of Gorizia and Trieste. Other prominent but unofficial regional languages include Sardinian, Sicilian, Piedmontese, Venetian and Friulian. The country's Romani populations also have a number of languages, including Vlax and Sinte, while the country's deaf population uses Italian Sign Language.