What Is the Landscape Like in India?

The landscape in India is divided into five regions: the Northern mountains, the great plains, the Thar Desert, the Central Highlands and the coastal plains. The landscape in India is diverse and varies widely according to the region.

In Northern India, the Himalayas and other mountain ranges make up the majority of the landscape. The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world, and there are seven other mountain ranges in India. Northern India also has forests and lakes near Jammu and Srinagar.

The great plains run parallel to the Himalayas, and they are dominated by three major rivers: the Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra. The plains vary in landscape, including an area with stones and pebbles, a heavily forested area, a low upland covered in laterite deposits and an area made of alluvium, which is deposited by the rivers.

The Thar Desert is the seventh-largest desert in the world. Most of this region consists of dunes, craggy rocks and compacted salt-lake bottoms. The rest is sand dunes. The majority of the highlands region is covered in deciduous and dry evergreen forests. Along the western coasts, there are lush rainforests. Eastern India has forested mountains and hills, sandy coastal plains, and wet and humid areas where multiple rivers drain.