A physical map of the Middle East includes labels for country names, mountains, deserts and other landforms, as well as water bodies such as rivers, seas and gulfs. Typically, the main purpose of a physical map is to graphically represent the Middle East’s physical contours and topographical features.
The Middle East consists of countries from Western Asia and North Africa centered on the Arabian Peninsula. It includes, among others, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Kuwait and Qatar from Asia, and Egypt, Libya and Sudan from Africa. A physical map of the Middle East includes country name labels, but unlike a political map, it does not focus on territorial boundaries, borders or capital cities. Instead, it depicts physical features by means of colors, gradients, lines and labels.
Large water bodies such as the Mediterranean Sea, Caspian Sea and Black Sea are labeled on the physical map of the Middle East, as is the Persian Gulf, which is surrounded on three sides by Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates. Important rivers are also labeled, including Amu Darya on the border between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, the Euphrates flowing through Turkey, Syria and Iraq, and the Tigris, flowing from Turkey to Iraq. The Middle East includes large swathes of desert land, which are labeled on the map. Important desert labels include the Syrian Desert that extends into Jordan, Iraq, Syria and Saudi Arabia, and the Arabian Desert, shared by Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan and Oman.
Middle Eastern deserts and plateaus are also usually labeled on the physical map. These include the Anatolia Plateau in central Turkey, the Asir and Hejaz mountains along Saudi Arabia's border with the Red Sea, and the Caucasus Mountains between the Black and Caspian Seas.