China's great land mass harbors 10 percent of the world's species of animals, with over 100 wild animals that aren't found anywhere else. The white giant panda is one of these unique animals, as is the South China tiger. Other exotic animals include the golden-haired monkey, freshwater white-flag dolphin, brown-eared pheasant, crested ibis, black-necked crane, Tibetan antelope, Pere David's deer and Chinese alligator. These animals are all endangered.
China is also home to a vast number of animals that aren't endangered. The many estuaries, rivers, lakes and streams host the common cuckoo, bar-headed goose, Bewick's swan, Brent goose and thousands of fish species. The Chinese swamps have the marsh frog, giant salamander and a worm-like amphibian named the caecilian. There's the cobra, serotine and vesper bats, hedgehogs, pangolins, pythons and sea krait in the marshlands and ocean.
China also has an abundant variety of insect life. The common wasp, species of wood ants, honey bee and hornet dominate the land. The arachnid family is well represented by scorpions, the Himalayan jumping spider, crab spiders and huntsman spiders. The Chinese regions Hubei, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Yunnan, Guizhou, Tianezhou, Yuanyang, Dafeng, Tibet and Beijing harbor the greatest concentration of wildlife. Some, like the South China tiger, exist only in captivity.