Kansas became the 34th state of the United States in January 1861. It had originally become a territory alongside Nebraska after the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.
The state began its population during the California Gold Rush. Many people who were traveling to California would often stop in the Kansas-Nebraska area, which caused Congress to create the Kansas-Nebraska Act. As of 2010, Kansas holds a population of 2.8 million people, with Topeka as the capital. Kansas is the leading producer of wheat in the United States and is widely known for its agriculture, often being referred to as "The Wheat Capital of the World."