Italy's major cities in terms of population are Rome, which had 3.3 million residents as of 2011, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo and Bergamo. In 2011, the second most populous city, Milan, had a population of nearly 3 million people, while Bergamo, the sixth most populous city, had 784,000 residents.
Rome, Italy's capital, holds great historical and symbolic significance. More than 2,000 years ago, Rome ruled a vast empire and was the birthplace of Western civilization. The city holds religious significance and is the site of Vatican City, home to the Pope and the seat of Catholicism.
Florence and Venice are two major cities that are popular tourist destinations in large part due to their cultural history, especially in the arts and architecture.