Italy is located in Southern Europe at the geographical coordinates of 42 50 N, 12 50 E. It has land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, all of which lie to the north, as well as the Holy See, or Vatican City, which is surrounded by the Italian capital city of Rome.
As a central Mediterranean peninsula, its closest neighbor to the south is Tunisia, which lies southwest of the large Italian island of Sicily. Sardinia is Italy's only other major territorial island, which lies north of Tunisia, south of Corsica and to the west-south-west of Rome.
The terrain of Italy is largely mountainous with some plains and coastal lowlands. In total, it has more 4,700 miles of coastline.