Italy is a country in Southern Europe and a major European power. In 1957, Italy was one of the founding members of the European Economic Community, which became the European Union in 1993. It has been a member of the Eurozone since 1999.
Italy is also part of the Schengen Area, a group of European countries that do not require people to carry passports to cross their shared borders.
Italy was created with the unification of the states of the Italian Peninsula in the 19th century and the establishment of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. It went on to become a unitary parliamentary republic, which it remains as of 2014. Italy is the fifth-most populous European country, with a population of 61 million as of 2013. Rome is its capital and largest city.