Israel is located in the Middle East, along the southeastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel is located at a crossroad between Europe, Asia and Africa.
Israel is a relatively small country covering slightly more than 13,000 square miles of land. The state only measures 290 miles from north to south and 85 miles at its widest point going east to west. Israel is bordered by Syria to the northeast, Lebanon to the north, Jordan in the east and Egypt in the southwest. The western side of the country is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea and covers about 170 miles of the countries border.
This small country is home to a wide variety of plants, animals and geographic features. The country has points, like the Dead Sea, which reaches about a quarter of a mile below sea level and is the lowest point on Earth while also having points like Mount Har Meron, which reaches more than three quarters of a mile above sea level. The Negev Desert is the largest geographic feature in the entire country, stretching from just south of Beersheba all the way to the gulf where the port Eilat is located.
The location of Israel means that when the plant tilts to change seasons, the changes between them are not as drastic as in other areas of the world. Israel mainly has a winter and a summer, with the winter being very rainy. Overall, Israel gets between 20 and 50 inches of rain a year.