The Philippines has a population of over 100 million people as of 2016, with 12.9 million of them living in the capital city of Manila, which equates to about 12 percent of the total population. The country spans 115,831 square miles and 7,107 islands. The largest and most populous island is Luzon, located in the north of the archipelago, and the second largest island is Mindanao, located in the south.
The Philippines is located in Southeast Asia in the Pacific Ocean, lying to the north of Malaysia between the South China Sea to the west and the Philippine Sea to the east. Because of its location in the Ring of Fire, the zone of volcanic activity around the Pacific Ocean that corresponds to the Pacific tectonic plate, the Philippines has a long history of volcanic activity. The Mayon Volcano and Mount Pinatubo are two of the most active volcanoes in the country. Mount Pinatubo, located just north of Manila on Luzon, erupted as recently as 1991. Mayon is also located on Luzon and has a history of dozens of eruptions over the last 400 years.
Other than its many volcanoes, the Philippines also has mountains, coastal plains and tropical rain forests. Mount Apo, situated in southern Mindanao, has an elevation of 9,692 feet above sea level, the highest point in the country.